Environmental education through literature: Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe
Dr. A Muthu Meena Losini
Environmental education is a process which allows each individual to explore environmental issues, engage in problem solving, and take action to improve the environment. As a result, individuals develop a deeper understanding of environmental issues and have the skills to make informed and responsible decisions. The components of environmental education are: Awareness and sensitivity to the environment and environmental challenges; Knowledge and understanding of the environment and environmental challenge; Attitudes of concern for the environment and motivation to improve or maintain environmental quality; Skills to identify and help resolve environmental challenges; Participation in activities that lead to the resolution of environmental challenges. Environmental education teaches individuals how to weigh various sides of an issue through critical thinking and it enhances their own problem-solving and decision-making skills. Literature and environment studies - commonly called “ecocriticism” or “environmental criticism” that aims to explore the environmental dimensions of literature. This research paper seeks to illustrate the importance of art and literature for developing environmental literacy and awareness. Classics such as Robinson Crusoe provides an opportunity to give lively accounts of the existence and cultural activity of the environmental values. In Robinson Crusoe, David Copperfield nurtures and cultivates his own individual identity and his environment education through his literary imagination.