Knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive use among female students in higher institutions of learning: A case study of kwame Nkrumah University in Kabwe district
Kalinda Chiputa, Mobela Carlos
Knowledge of contraceptive methods is an important precursor to their use. The ability to recognise a family planning method when it is described is a simple test of a respondent’s knowledge but does not necessarily indicate the extent of this knowledge.
The main aim of this research was to investigate knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive use among the female students at Kwame Nkrumah University in kabwe district. Studies in the field of knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive use among undergraduate in Zambia, remains meager and quite limited. The study was based on the following specific objectives: to find out knowledge on contraceptives among female students, to determine the attitudes of female students toward contraceptives and establish sexual practices and the uses of contraceptive among female students.
This research was a case study and adopted a descriptive research design in which 100 respondents from the selected four year students using purposeful sampling. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires. The collected data was entered into a computer and analyzed using statistical package of social science version (SPSS) 20.0 as well as Microsoft excel.
The study result indicated that, knowledge of contraceptive among the female student was universal. The majority (73%) of the respondent had knowledge of oral pills while (12%) of the respondents had knowledge of condoms. Despite students’ high awareness of the existence of contraceptive methods, positive attitude and continuous engagement in sexual activity, the rate of contraceptive use among students was found to be low. Only 36 (36%) of the sexually active respondents were using contraceptive and the common contraceptive methods used was (17%) condom followed by oral pills (6%) and injectable (6%).
The improvement of female students’ knowledge about specific details of the method and timely utilization of contraception is still required in order to make it effective. Kwame Nkrumah university management should increase contraceptive access to the female students. Ministry of Higher Education to include information on contraception, and also lay strategies of presenting the information to the female students of teachers' colleges. In view of the fact that this study did not include male students, further studies are needed to find out the knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive use among both male and female students in institution of higher learning.