Patient’s right of informed consent: New challenge in medical practice
Informed consent is an ethical and as well as a legal requirement for research involving human participants and clinical treatments of human beings. It is the process where a patient or participant of a medical research is informed about all aspects of the proposed treatment, which are important for the patient to make a decision and after studying all aspects of the treatment the patient voluntarily confirms his or her willingness to participate in a particular clinical treatment sometime human participants are used in medical research. In those cases informed consent is the sine qua non for such advancement research of medical science. The concept of informed consent is embedded in the principles of Nuremberg Code in 1947, The Declaration of Helsinki in 1964 and The Belmont Report in 1978. Informed consent is an inevitable requirement prior to every research involving human being as subjects for study or prior to the every medical intervention to a patient body. This Article discusses about the basic elements of informed consent and the process to be followed while obtaining informed consent and the circumstances under which informed consent can be waived and other related issues of the informed consent.