International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 9 (2016)

Analysis of efficiency in resource utilization and cost reduction measures in public secondary schools in Mwala Subcounty, Machakos Country, Kenya


Kaloki Joseph Waita, Muisyo Joseph Musau, Kasau Onesmus Mulei

Proper use of the available resources and putting in place cost reduction measures in schools could ease the financial burden placed on parents and make secondary education cost effective, affordable and accessible to an increased number of people. Educational needs for secondary education in Kenya has been on increase since the introduction of Free Primary Education in 2003 and free secondary education in 2008. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficiency in resource utilization and cost reduction measures in public secondary schools in Mwala sub County of Machakos County. The study was guided by four objectives: (i) to determine the level of efficiency in school resource utilization and how it impacts on cost reduction in secondary school education provision, (ii) determine the cost reduction measures and their effects on secondary education provision (iii) find out the challenges public secondary schools face in implementing cost reduction measures. The study targeted the 40 public secondary schools in the sub county of which a total of 8 schools were sampled for the study. The study employed descriptive survey design. Target population included, head teachers, Board of Management (BOM) of public secondary schools in the Sub County, Parent Teachers Association (PTA) and teachers. These were included because they have the overall responsibility of running operations in secondary schools. The study was guided by theory of production function in education. The main data collection instruments were questionnaires that were administered to the head teachers, B.O.M, P.T.A chairpersons and teachers. Document analysis was also used to extract data from school records. The researcher sought expert opinion in assessing the validity of the instrument. The reliability of the instruments were established using test-retest method through computing Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient. Data collected from field was analyzed using descriptive statistics in which frequencies and percentages were used. The data was presented in tables, pie charts and graphs from which generalizations and conclusions were made. The study established that secondary schools are facing resource utilization challenges. From the findings 55 percent had a class size of below 40 hence a clear indicator that schools were experiencing high unit cost? Many of the schools studied, 60.6 percent had a pupil-teacher ratio below 25:1. Further only 55 percent of schools undertook repairs and maintenance of their facilities, only 68.75 percent had income generating activities to substitute school revenue, very few schools, 25 percent made purchases in bulk, in some schools account records were not updated as required. The study recommend for efficient utilization of available resources, improvisation of facilities, innovative ways of income generation, bulk buying of school requirements, Sharing of facilities amongst schools such as laboratory facilities and books to reduce cost especially the neighboring newly established secondary schools.
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How to cite this article:
Kaloki Joseph Waita, Muisyo Joseph Musau, Kasau Onesmus Mulei. Analysis of efficiency in resource utilization and cost reduction measures in public secondary schools in Mwala Subcounty, Machakos Country, Kenya. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 9, 2016, Pages 288-303
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development