International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 9 (2016)

Impact of free primary education: A case study of government schools in Kabwe Urban District


Mobela Carlos

This paper is an examination of the impact of free primary education in twenty government selected primary schools of Kabwe urban district in central province of Zambia. In order to achieve the aim above, the study objectives were to examine Free Primary Education on the provision of quality of education, to find out whether the government provides adequate funding to schools and to investigate whether FPE has helped primary school learners precede to the next stage.

The study used the general questions to come up with the impact of free primary education on selected government schools. The general question was addressed through the following questions: Does the government fund the primary schools adequately? Has Free Primary Education helped in the provision of quality of education? And how does Free Primary Education enable primary school learners to proceed to the next stage?

The study implemented a descriptive approach design to collect information on the impact of Free Primary Education on selected government schools in Kabwe urban district. The study participants comprised of 20 head teachers, 20 teachers, 5 pupils 4 workers at DEBS office, and the district education board secretary. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Computer program and Microsoft excel was used to analyse quantitative data from the questionnaires. Simple descriptive statistics, including frequency counts and percentages, and the results are presented in frequency tables, bar graphs and pie.

Findings indicate that, Free Primary Education had enabled many pupils to enroll in school regardless of their socio-economic status; the achievement of the policy was associated with challenges. Among which were inadequacy and delay of funding, over enrolment, inadequate educational supplies, and inadequate teaching staff. The number of children has increased, yet the number of teachers remained constant, if not reduced. Due to large numbers, it was not possible for the teachers to give all the children the attention they deserved. This was coupled by the teachers filling to give many assignments (home work) compared with private schools. Therefore, pupils did not have enough work to practice or help them revise what they had learnt. Enrolment has increased causing congestion in classrooms, a state of affairs that does not augur well for effective learning and teaching. This has also increased the number of children sharing a desk.
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How to cite this article:
Mobela Carlos. Impact of free primary education: A case study of government schools in Kabwe Urban District. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 9, 2016, Pages 48-60
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development