International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 12 (2015)

The effect of examination malpractices (leakages) on pupils’ academic performance in Geography in selected secondary schools of Kitwe District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia


William Phiri, Judith Nakamba

This article is an extract of one of the objectives from the study The effect of examination malpractices (leakages) on pupils academic performance in Geography in selected secondary schools in Kitwe District, Zambia. The purpose of the study was to find out the effect that examination malpractices (leakages) have on pupils academic performance in Geography considering the persistence of examination leakages in the national examinations not only in Zambia but across the globe. Data for the study was collected from ten (10) secondary schools in Kitwe District including the District Education Board Secretarys Office (BEDS) and the Provincial Resource Centre. The total sample size was fifty (50). The study used both the quantitative and qualitative approaches and data was collected using questionnaire, interview and focus group discussion schedules. Furthermore, the data that was collected was entered on the Microsoft excel sheet and later analyzed using STATA and interpreted into tables and graphs whilst the qualitative data was analyzed using content thematic following the emerging themes and sub-themes. 
The findings of the study revealed that examination malpractices (leakages) had a negative influence on pupils academic performance because they made pupils lose self confidence, the desire to learn, to study hard and acquire knowledge and skill. It was discovered most pupils who have interests in examination leakages devote less time to academic exercise even during the time of examinations; they waste much of the time looking for leakages. Furthermore, the major effects of examination malpractices on pupils academic performance reported by respondents included poor academic performance, less concentration during lessons, indiscipline and lack of respect for the teachers, panic during examinations to mention but a few. Thus, the study made the following recommendations: 1. The government should integrate examination malpractices in the school curriculum as one of the cross cutting issues to be taught in order to enhance awareness, 2.Examination Council of Zambia (ECZ) should increase awareness through outdoor advertising in addition to the current posters. 3. Examination Council of Zambia should extend examination malpractice penalties to all those found wanting including those photocopying, parents and all suspecting persons.rn
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How to cite this article:
William Phiri, Judith Nakamba. The effect of examination malpractices (leakages) on pupils’ academic performance in Geography in selected secondary schools of Kitwe District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 12, 2015, Pages 324-331
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development