International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 12 (2015)

“Borrow–to-Adapt” or “Brain – Earn” ICT education: A critical analysis and lessons learnt from the first ever ICTs examinations in Zambian public schools


William Phiri

This article is part of the on-going PHD study titled A Problem-Solving ICT education approach and its implications on the teaching and learning of Mathematics in selected secondary schools of Central Province, Zambia. The need for the use, implementation and integration of ICTs in the education system may vary from country to country depending on the education and curriculum policy for a particular nation. Despite such variations in policy and curriculum direction of individual nations, the measure of central tendency however lies in the fact that everyone requires information and communication technology (ICT) competence in order to survive in this information era. In agreement to the above, Adoni and Kpangban (2010) [1] confirm that the ability to access and use information is no longer a luxury, but a necessity for development. Mulauzi (2007) [12] further present that information and access to ICTs are no longer a luxury, but a human need and basic right. ICTs in this article are taken to mean technologies that provide access to information through various telecommunication medium such as radio, satellite, television, cell phone, the internet, wireless networks and other communication mediums. The importance of ICTs in the teaching and learning cannot be overemphasised as Brakel and Chisenga (2003) [4] advanced that ICTs play significant impact not only in the area of human activity but also in the education sector. This article aims to establish the rationale for the use, implementation and integration of ICTs in the Zambian Education system. Further, two broad concepts Borrow-to-adapt and Brain-Earn will be examined and how these concepts impacts on the implementation and integration of ICTs in the education sector should be actualised. Furthermore, lessons from the first ever grade Nine ICT examinations which were administered in the Zambian public schools will be assessed as well. Additionally interventions instituted by the Zambian government to enhance the implementation of ICTs in the education system will be objectively critiqued. Lastly, conclusions and recommendations will be drawn.
Download  |  Pages : 41-48
How to cite this article:
William Phiri. “Borrow–to-Adapt” or “Brain – Earn” ICT education: A critical analysis and lessons learnt from the first ever ICTs examinations in Zambian public schools. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 12, 2015, Pages 41-48
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development