Transgender in India: New developments and enactments
Kunjana Mittal, Dr. Seema Garg
Transgender people experience a mismatch between their gender identity or gender expression and their assigned sex. Since the late 20th century, some hijra activists and western non-government organizations (NGOs) have lobbied for official recognition of the hijra as a kind of "third sex" or "third gender," as neither man nor woman. Hijras have successfully gained this recognition in Bangladesh and are eligible for priority in education. In India, the Supreme Court in April 2014 recognised hijra and transgender people as a 'third gender' in law. Nepal, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh have all legally recognized the existence of a third gender, including on passports and other official documents.