Framework for quantifying social and economic benefits from rural road development; an insight into pmgsy scheme. A case study of Puri district
Rural roads & its related program have suffered greatly due to lack of systematic planning. While rural road development plans provided for a network structure and target lengths of different types of roads, specific connectivity requirements of individual settlements (villages/habitation) and issues of regional imbalances , its impact on Rural folks life & its assessment were not adequately addressed. This led to more than one connection for the same village resulting in redundancy and development of a large unmanageable network & improper impact analysis. While constructing rural roads, adequate care was not taken in adopting need based designs, parameters for pavement construction, quality assurance, and quality control and its real time impact on people affected or connected by PMGSY in short-range or long-run. Multiplicity of organizations involved in the rural roads development led to uncoordinated efforts, adhoc decisions, and a lopsided network structure.