A cross sectional study on Plasma Fibrinogen levels, BMI and Lipid profile in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension
Dr. Prajwal Kumar US, Dr. C Ramachandra Bhat, Dr. Monika MP
Background: In the evaluation of patients with diabetes and hypertension, the presence of markers for cardiovascular risk has become important. The study was done to evaluate the levels of plasma fibrinogen in patients with diabetes and hypertension and also correlate the fibrinogen levels in these patients with BMI and lipid profile. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension selected by systematic random sampling were considered as cases and these patients were matched by age and sex with 50 controls after obtaining informed consent and institutional ethical clearance. Results: 32 (64%) males and 18 (36%) females were studied among the cases and controls. The mean plasma fibrinogen levels in cases was 468.42 ± 43.72 which was significantly higher than controls. Similarly the mean BMI, LDL levels and Total cholesterol levels were also higher in cases when compared to controls. Correlation existed between plasma fibrinogen and total cholesterol. Conclusion: Plasma fibrinogen levels, BMI, LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol levels where higher in cases than controls. Correlation was positive between plasma fibrinogen and total cholesterol.