Effect of myofascial trigger point release on levator scapulae muscle in mechanical neck pain
Ankita Shrikant, Dr. Vishnu Vardhan GD
Background and Purpose: Neck works with shoulder to provide support for head and facilitate rotation of the head about its axis. Neck pain may arise due to muscular tightness in both the neck and upper back, the head is supported by the lower neck and upper back, and it is these areas that commonly cause neck pain. Levator scapulae help in varies action of neck, shoulder and scapula; mainly elevation, abduction and downward rotation of scapula and flexion, extension, side flexion and rotation of cervical spine. Trigger points are deep to the upper trapezius muscle. Myofascial release is the gentle manual application of sustained pressure to release facial restriction. MFR is a stretching technique that requires feedback from patient’s body to determine the direction, force and duration of the stretch and to facilitate maximum relaxation of tight or restricted tissue.
Method: Study involved 30 participants which were given Myofascial trigger point release on the taut bands of Levator scapulae muscles in mechanical neck pain. Data was analysed using paired‘t’ test.
Result: The data of the present study was analysed using statistical method of paired’t’-test between the pre and post interventional study of pain and range of motion. The result showed statistically significant improvement and visible difference in the post intervention.
Discussion and Conclusion: From the present study we conclude that Myofascial trigger point release on levator scapulae muscle is effective in mechanical neck pain.