Investigating the impact of wage freeze on civil service in Zambia: A case study of selected schools in Kabwe district
James Phiri, Marvin Kabubi
The study aimed at investigating the impact of wage freeze on civil service in Zambia with special focus on selected schools in Kabwe District of Central Zambia. The study used both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Fifty (50) civil servants were taken as the sample size of the study drawn from Three (3) schools selected at random.
Data was collected using questionnaires and unstructured interviews. Additionally, data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, percentages, totals and visual displays were made in form of tables, charts and graphs generated using Excel.
The study established that there was a significant and clear impact of wage freeze on the civil service. Respondents came up with varying ways in which the civil service was adversely affected by the wage freeze such as reliance on unsustainable loans, poor working culture, low morale, failure to help the extended family and difficulties in paying fees for children and dependants. Based on the aforesaid findings, the study recommends that before the government implements the wage freeze in the civil service, adequate consultations should be done. These consultations should involve all the stakeholders such as workers’ representatives (Trade unions) and civil society organizations with a view of reaching some acceptable level of understanding.