International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

E-ISSN: 2349-4182
P-ISSN: 2349-5979

Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2014)

Effects of diazepam anaesthesia on complete blood count in West African dwarf goat

Author(s): James Gana, Ruth Ndagimba
Abstract: To examine the effects of diazepam anaesthesia on the complete blood count in six (6) adult healthy West African Dwarf goat weighing 13kg to 16kg were used. Anaesthesia was induced using 0.05ml/kg diazepam intravenous injection, complete blood counts analysis was performed before anaesthesia (T.0), 2 hours after recovery, 24 hours after recovery, 5 days after recovery and 7 days later. Hematological analysis indicated that there was significant decrease in neutrophil percentages (p>0.05) at 2 hrs, and increased significantly at 24 hours, 5 days and 7 days of recovery. There was a mild lymphopenia at 2 hours after recovery, and lymphocytosis (p>0.05) significantly occur at 24 hours, 5 days and 7 days of recovery. There was mild decreased in monocyte percentages (p<0.05) at 2 hours after recovery, while increased significantly at 24 hours of recovery and decrease at 5 days and 7 days of recovery. The percentages of basophil increased at 2 hours of recovery, and decrease at 24 hours of recovery, while at 5 days of recovery it increase and decrease at 7 days of recovery. The percentages of eosinophils decreased significantly at 2 hours, after recovery and significantly increase of eosinophils at 24 hours, 5 days and 7 days after recovery. The total red blood cell count decreased significantly at 2 hours after recovery, and increase at 24 hours after recovery, and it decrease significantly at 5 days after recovery, and significantly increased at 7 days after recovery. It is therefore concluded that diazepam can be used to induced short term anaesthesia in male Adult goat (West African Dwarf goat) with minimum effects on complete
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