Evaluating micro and small enterprises (MSES) operators’ awareness of policies, strategies and plans related to entrepreneurship development in Ethiopia: Addis Ababa in focus
Abaineh Degaga Anato, Filmon Hadaro Hando
The purpose of this study was twofold: first, it reviewed relevant policies and strategies. Second, it assessed awareness of MSEs operators about policies and strategies. The study was based on pragmatism and it applied mixed methods research approach. Primary data were collected from 402 MSEs operators. Key informant interviews were held with officials from policy issuing organizations and support providing offices. Document analysis was made to review relevant policies and strategies. Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to compare if there are statistically significant differences among the four sectors in terms of their awareness. Frequencies, percentages, crosstabs and thematic analysis were used as data analysis methods. The results revealed that the incumbent government showed its commitment to promote the private sector, MSEs and entrepreneurship in the policies and strategies though it is criticized for weak implementation. The government is blamed for using support packages to silence youth protests, to win elections and failure to live up to the promises. Majority of the respondents (71%) are not aware of relevant policies and strategies whilst 60% of them do not know the benefits they are entitled. Kruskal-Wallis test revealed absence of statistically significant difference among the four sectors in terms of their awareness. Above two-thirds (70%) of the respondents stated that little attention has been given which contradicts with the promises in policy documents. Enhancing awareness of MSEs operators about relevant policies and strategies is crucial. Intensifying the provision of supports to MSEs and hence fostering entrepreneurial flairs of MSEs operators is highly recommended.