Prospects, strategies and constraints of organic farming in Jharkhand
Organic Farming may be defined as the cultivation of crops with the use of bio or green manure for plant growth and nourishment, and the protection of the same by use of bio-insecticides and pesticides, and rodenticides, instead of harmful synthetic chemicals. The rampant use of synthetic chemicals as fertilizers, and protective elements have had adverse effects on health of human beings, soil, flora and fauna and to the biological cycle as a whole. The literate portion of the world is fully aware of the health hazards of conventionally grown food crops, due to presence of higher pesticides, heavy metals, antibiotics, and hormone stimulating growth of vegetables, milk and meat. With the awareness among the people, the demand for such organic food stuff is far more than its supply. Inspite of the fact that people are ready to pay more for nutrient rich organic food, they have no option as there is a wide gap in between the demand and supply of organic food products.Jharkhand State has a very strong potential of becoming the leading producer hub of organic food. Its rich bio-diversity, presence of minor forest produce, cheap labour availability and the strong affinity of the tribals towards forest and its products, etc. offer a favourable ecosystem to Jharkhand to earmark itself as the leader of organic food products in India and world. What is needed is the genuine honest sprint towards this direction.