International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 8, Issue 6 (2021)

Measuring the influences of opportunity in residential neighbourhood crime


Oluwole Titilayo Alabi, Moses Adegbile Adeleke, Sunday Emmanuel Olajide

Investment in residential property, especially housing development, is capital-intensive and a unique real estate investment option as it can serve both the purpose of providing living accommodation and investment source. Neighbourhood crimes as street incivility, burglary, robbery and violent crimes have become a permanent scene in our cities as urban residential housing is frequently bedevilled by this nefarious act. The effect of crime on housing investment and sustainability can be devastating. The role of opportunity in committing a crime has also been attributed to be immensely contributing to the soaring trend. The thus paper measure the influence of opportunity in residential neighbourhood crime in the study area to improve housing sustainability and investment. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were adopted for the study in the administration of Four Hundred (400) sets of questionnaire out of which Two Hundred and Eighty-Eight (288) were considered usable for the analysis after data screening. SPSS and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)- Analysis of Movement Structures (AMOS) were the critical analytical tools used to conduct the reliability test, normality test, cumulative mean, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, measurement and structural model. The analysis results revealed P-values of the various forms of opportunity concepts of crime were statistically significant: routine activity- 0.002; situational crime- 0.040; crime pattern- 0.001; rational choice- 0.008 and lifestyle- 0.013. The practical implication of the research work is that careful consideration of the influence of opportunity on residential neighbourhood crime can drastically reduce, if not eliminate the menace, thereby improving housing sustainability and investment.
Pages : 17-26