Local initiatives and good governance: With the special reference to the self help groups
Mridula Sharda, Hari Priya
According to Gandhi organic linkage between micro and macro system is convenient model to understand the rural India. Importance of the village level institutions: social- economic, political, formal and informal as effective medium to realise the political democracy at large and democratic goals (liberty, equality, fraternity and social justice) in the context of individual and community is inevitable. At the village level in contemporary India a large number of institutions are functional to meet the multiple needs of the rural people. Local government institutions (PRIs), social organisations like Mahila Mandals are good examples to meet the diverse interests related to their social needs. Self Help Groups in the economic field are pioneer institutions for the economic decentralisation. Economic decentralisation is appropriate to cater the economic needs of the rural masses who are one of the most vulnerable sections of the society. Micro economic institutions (SHGs) can play important role in changing the rural map by empowering the vulnerable. Changed economic status of this section can be stepping stone to realise the democratisation and goal of good governance. Objective of this paper is to understand the micro financial activities through Self Help Groups (SHGs) as a cornerstone for the good governance and women empowerment. Research questions addressed in the paper are: Do the SHGs have effective role in rural society? Are the SHGs contributing in the achievement of the goals of good governance? Are these groups play important role as units to check the mal practices of the local government? To conduct this study communitarian approach has been adopted. Deductive and inductive both the methods applied to conduct this research. Primary and secondary both types of data used for the study. Primary data collected through semi-structured questionnaire. Secondary sources included print material and electronic data. Data analysed through content analysis and percentage method used to analyse Quantative data. Mc Dougal claims that group behaviour is different from the individual behaviour. On the basis of his thesis, hypothesis is constructed that SHGs at the village level play an important role to evolve as system of good governance. Good governance ensures effective participation of the marginalised section (women), accountability, effectiveness and timely action.
Mridula Sharda, Hari Priya. Local initiatives and good governance: With the special reference to the self help groups . International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development. 2021; 8(10): 24-29.