This paper attempted to analyse the disparities in the distribution of free education among different expenditure classes, social categories and gender. Such an analysis is important to see whether the distribution of free education is balanced or not after a decade of the implementation of the RTE Act, 2009. As per the Act, the government proposed to provide free and compulsory education to all the children in the age group of 6-14 years. But an analysis of NSSO data on “Social Consumption: Education” 2014-15 reveal that free education is still not universal in India and there is a large scale disparity in the distribution of it. Only 4 to 9 per cent of children from the lowest expenditure class receive education for free whereas this proportion rises to 34 to 52 per cent for children from the highest expenditure class. The proportion of children receiving free education from OBC and Others category is quite satisfactory across the country whereas it is abysmally low for SC and ST children in some states/UTs. Except for a few states/UTs, the gender gap in the rest of the states/UTs is very small.