Case study of Covid-19 epidemic the lesson world learns from Italy
Eltigani OM Omer, Wafa A Almusallam, Sama M Al Moaigel, Mohammed Suleiman M Gibreel, Faisal M Al-bagmi
Background: The coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is the greatest challenge we world faced since World War Two.]
Aims to work closely with global community, to expand scientific knowledge about the coronavirus and provide timely advice on measures to protect people's health and prevent the spread of this outbreak.
Methods: Study population for this case study encompass all covid-19 cases during the first 60 days of the epidemic in Italy. Data collection; all reported cases were included and the data collected from WHO situation reports, Italy MOH web site and information from other authors. Data analysis; the collected data processed and analyzed by Excel and SPSS programs. Outcome presented by table, epidemic curve and other statistical graphs also used for the data presentation.
Results: The first confirmed cases in Italy was on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese tourists in Rome tested positive for the virus and One week later an Italian man repatriated back to Italy from China, was also confirmed as the third case in Italy. A cluster of cases was later detected, the epidemic curve showed propagated source of outbreak which is caused by person to person transmission. Significant epidemiological investigations are being performed for contacts, clusters, and cases to recognize the source of infection and to implement targeted control measures, for instance, contact tracing.
Conclusion: Countries are racing to slow the spread of the virus adopting various measures such as testing and treating patients, carrying out contact tracing, limiting travel, quarantining citizens, and cancelling large gatherings such as sporting events, concerts, and schools.