Synthetic medications for human brain disorders are expensive and symptomatic. Long-term treatments that sometimes appear inevitable with serious side effects, with poor patient compliance. Hence herbal and Ayurvedic treatments are preferred over synthetic drugs for a number of human brain disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression, epilepsy, schizophrenia, anxiety etc., Herbal drugs and their formulations work mainly in different ways for example by increasing and replacing the neurotransmitter at high concentrations in the brain, antidepressant action, adaptation and stabilization of mood, better oxygenation, better concentration, resistance, improving memory and learning, stimulating growth and protecting brain cells. Herbs have memory enhancing properties due to their active chemical constituents. Since the allopathic medical system is yet to provide a radical cure, it is necessary to explore the usefulness of conventional medications. This article reviews common brain disorders and herbs used for their treatment.