International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


ISSN Online: 2349-4182
ISSN Print: 2349-5979

Vol. 7, Issue 4 (2020)

Comparison of dynamic balance in older adults having intact balance undergoing lower limb strength training at gym with older adults not undergoing any form of exercise using star excursion balance test: A cross-sectional study

Author(s): Reema Bose, Dr. Kiran Jeswani, Dr. Sucheta Golhar
Abstract: Objective: To compare dynamic balance in older adults having intact balance undergoing lower limb strength training at gym with older adults not undergoing any form of exercises using Star Excursion Balance Test. Outcome Measure: Star Excursion Balance Test Method: 25 participants going to gym and those not undergoing any form of exercises and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were assessed for their dynamic balance using star excursion balance test. The maximum distance reached by the subject was noted. Each subject performed same test for three times and an average reading was noted. This average distance reached by the subject was then divided by the leg length of the subject and a relative distance was calculated. Relative distances of each leg in 8 different directions were calculated similarly for every subject and compared. Result: § Anterior direction of right and left leg showed no significant difference with p values 0.649421 and 0.571824 respectively. § Anterolateral direction of right leg showed significant difference whereas, that of left leg showed no significant difference with p values 0.033221 and 0.235153 respectively. § Lateral direction of right and left leg showed significant difference with p values 0.002401 and 0.001091 respectively. § Posterior direction of right leg showed significant difference whereas, that of left leg showed no significant difference with p values 0.024842 and 0.412489 respectively. § Posterolateral direction of right and left leg showed significant difference with p values 0.000046 and 0.000067. § Posteromedial direction of right leg showed significant difference and that of left leg showed no significant difference with p values 0.0404 and 0.193167 respectively. § Medial direction of right and left leg showed no significant difference with p value 0.56115 and 0.676702 respectively. § Anteromedial direction of right and left leg showed no significant difference with p value 0.666065 and 0.712956. Conclusion: The study concluded that gym going adults on an average had statistically significant dynamic balance compared to adults not undergoing any kind of exercises. Thus, to prevent fall and reduce the risk of fall, all older adults must undergo some form of lower limb strengthening which would improve the quality of life in the forthcoming geriatric age.
Pages: 54-59  |  111 Views  28 Downloads
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