Vol. 7, Issue 4 (2020)
Effect of secondary metabolites of Euphorbia heterophylla (L.) klotz. & garcke, and Moringa oleifera (Lam). on the milk production of the local female rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus L.)
Author(s): Konan Koffi Mathuin, Diby Yao Kan Séraphin, Konan Kouassi Laures, N’goran Kouakou David Vincent, Assidjo Nogbou Emmanuel, Marnet Guy Pierre
Abstract: The present study aims at comparing the effect of minerals and secondary metabolites of Euphorbia heterophylla and Moringa oleifera associated with Panicum maximum G23 on the milk production of local female rabbit. In total, 18 local female rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) of 10 months, all at their second litter and average weight 2.9 ± 0.2 kg, were used. They were mated and randomly divided into three homogeneous lots in individual maternity cages. Each lot was subjected either to a control diet (Pangran) consisting of Panicum maxima and rabbit pellets or to an experimental diet (Paneuph or Panmor) consisting of Panicum maxima and rabbit pellets in combination with Euphorbia heterophylla or Moringa oleifera. The milk production of female rabbits and the average daily gain (ADG) related to milk consumption of bunnies at peak lactation were 140.0 ± 31.4 g, 109.6 ± 22.0 g and 131.5 ± 29.6 g and 6.6 ± 1.4, 6.3±1.2 and 5.8±1.1 g.d-1 for Paneuph, Pangran and Panmor, respectively. The contribution of Euphorbia heterophylla and Moringa oleifera, induced significantly higher milk production than that of Pangran (109.6 ± 22.0 g) (P<0.05). However, the ADGs of bunnies under the three diets were not significantly different (P>0.05). Considering the quantities of milk produced by the three lots of rabbits, Euphorbia heterophylla would be a galactogenic plant in the same way as Moringa oleifera.