The treatment of religion in Girish Karnad's Tughlaq
Md Jahangir Ansari
Girish Karnad is a modern Indian playwright who is recipient of Jyanpith Award, Padam Bhusham and Padam Shri for the contribution to the art. He draws plots from history, myth and folklore and wrote many plays on current issues in both Kannada and English. His all plays from Yayati to The Dream of Tipu Sultan depict the malaise of politics, caste and feminism effectively. His second play Tughlaq is very popular which first published in 1964 in Kannada and latter on it was translated into English. Karnad himself confesses," I was persuaded to translate it into English by Alyque Padamsee, who latter produced it for the Theatre Group, Bombay."(Murthy: 142) Tughlaq is a historical play that is based on the life of 14th century historical figure Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq who is well-known in history for his idealism and vision but is misunderstood and maligned too. This play established Karnad's name as a successful playwright because it presents the contemporary political reality. It is obvious that Tughlaq is a political allegory which reflects the political atmosphere of sixties of Nehru era. U.R. Ananth Murthy comments "It is a play of sixties and reflects as no other play perhaps does the political mood of disillusionment which follows the Nehru era of idealism in the country."(Murthy: 1143) Tughlaq is a nice fusion of religion and politics and this paper will concentrate how religion is used in politics.