Teaching of derivative through problems focused on oil and gas industry contexts
Maricela García Avalos, Manuel Sandoval Martínez, Gerardo Enrique Sepúlveda Palacios
Results of the application of problem solving focused on oil and gas industry contexts to freshman students of Petroleum Engineering at the Polytechnic University of the Gulf of Mexico (UPGM) are presented. The main objective was to improve the understanding of the application of the derivative concept and some logical-mathematical skills. For its development, it was worked on Differential and Integral Calculus where several individual and group activities aimed to solve problems in contexts were assigned and the Rudnick & Krulik (R&K) methodology was used. Such activities followed a didactic sequence that allowed them to effectively achieve the stated objectives. To measure the understanding of the topic, a performance evidence was applied, which consisted of a presentation of a problem in context. Deficiencies during student’s presentation were found in such a way that only 26% approved. However, such deficiencies were overcome as students delved into the problems in context, which ended up in all (100%) the student’s effectively performing presentations meaning that they acquired the proper logical-mathematical skills. This indicated that the use of problems in contexts as a complementary tool for learning derivatives is good compared to traditional methods.