Audio-visual learning: An effective curriculum for the metaphysical persons
Dr. Suparna Sanyal Mukherjee
Mental Retardation is a developmental disability which first appears among the children between age group of 1 to 18 years. The intellectual brain function of the children starts from early childhood which can be measured by standard intelligent tests, the results below average point out significant limitations, in daily living skills and adaptive functions. Mentally retarded persons are also known as Metaphysical persons. The retardation or disability starts from early childhood or adolescence, before the age of 18. In most cases it persists throughout life. There are four categories of Mental Retardation- Mild, Moderate, Severe and Profound. Every stage of retardation is measured through Intelligent Quotient level. Diagnosis is done as an intellectual functioning level of any individual’s reasoning ability determining the Mental Age. Present sequel emphasized on children between the ages of 15 to 25 years, suffering from Mental Retardation since childhood. The sample of twenty children categorised Moderate by I Q test results, are of Howrah District, West Bengal, who were chosen for the study. Learning through Audio-Visual methods was an effective way to inculcate adaptive skills among them for their daily life. Such skills included the ability to produce and understand language in terms of communication, home living skills, use of community resources, health, safety, leisure and self-care. The Audio-Visual learning, an inclusive curriculum developmental program which enhance the selected Moderate Mentally Retarded children to step forward as Mild retarded developing better skill orientation for performing in daily lives.