Exploration of the methods of school violence prevention. A case study of Kang’onga area of Ndola district
Several studies and reports have indicated that a lot of learners have been experiencing violence in schools. In response to high profile violent incidents and crimes, many schools in Zambia have developed plans that address school discipline to create a school climate and culture wherein everyone is valued and treated with respect. The problem that prompted this study is that teachers and administrators are struggling with effective implementation prevention program. The study was guided by Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, this study examined the connection among school violence, environment, discipline and prevention programs; and it explored approaches to creating safe communities in schools. Case study design used and the population for the study composed of 100 respondents of which 60 were teachers and 40 were pupils of the schools of kang’onga area of Ndola district who were randomly selected. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in the data collection and analysis. STATA and Excel were used to analyse the data collected through the use of questionnaires. Based on the analysis and interpretation of the data collected in this study, the conclusion reached was, Some causes of violence such as Poor parental care, Exposure to mass media, Poor socio-economic background of learners, Peer influence were noted. Bulling was the most prominent type of violence that surfaced with 43% responses. Some strategies used to end violence were Punishments; School rules enforcements, Expulsions, Suspensions, Guidance and Counselling and Detention. Furthermore, the recommendation reached was that the e government must invest in school personnel to provide diagnostic and counselling services, School managers to Build and develop the team for creating the safe schools. The recommendation were made and concluded that the prevention of violence in the schools must be a collaborative effort. The team should include educators, parents, scholars, law enforcers, community, and Health care providers and other youth serving professionals to minimize school violence, School managers must introduce school programs through the ministry of education (MOE) such as UN-Peace clubs and Young Christian society (YCS) club.