Demographic variables and youths’ response to community based HIV/AIDS counselling services in rivers state
Mary-Rose N Izuchi, Adimanyi Joyce
The study investigated demographic variables and youths response to community based HIV/AIDS counselling services in Rivers State. Three research questions were answered and three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance in the study. The study adopted ex-post facto research design. The population of the study consists of all the youths between the ages of 18-35 years spread across 30 community based HIV/AIDS counselling and testing outreach sites within the three LGAs of interest. There are 10 outreach teams per LGA. The sample size for the study comprised of 300 youths. The study used simple random sampling technique to draw 10 centers from the 30 community based counselling sites in each of the three LGAs. The instrument used for this study are Demographic Characteristic Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Youths Response to HIV/AIDS Cousnelling Services Questionnaire (YRHACSQ). Face and content validity of the instruments were done by two experts in measurement and evaluation, as well as two health educational administrators. The reliability of the instrument was determined through Cronbach alpha technique. The Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.94 for HIV/AIDS counseling scale was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Independent t-test and One Way Anova were used to test the hypotheses. It was found that gender (male and female) significantly influence youths’ response to community based HIV/AIDS counselling services. Youths in the age bracket of 15-25 respond most to HIV/AIDS community based counselling followed by those within 26-35 and finally those that were 36 and above. Also youths in the rural areas had a slightly more response to HIV community based counselling services than their urban counterparts. It was concluded that gender and location significantly influence youths’ response to community based HIV/AIDS counselling services. It was recommended among others that social workers should be encouraged to have a perspective and orientation talk to youths in and around the community in order to redirect their negative attitude and perception towards HIV/AIDS counselling services.