Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2019)
Demographics, agency culture, training and technological application as determinants of commercial crime investigators effectiveness: The Nigeria experience
Author(s): Dr. Nwonyi Polycarp Emeka
Abstract: This study examined the moderating influence of gender, academic qualification and cadre on the combined and relative contributions of agency culture, training and technology application on professional effectiveness of commercial crime investigators. This study used a descriptive survey design of ex-post-facto type. One thousand and two hundred participants, selected through a combination of purposive and stratified random sampling techniques, were drawn from commercial crime investigating units of the Police, EFCC, Customs and NDLEA in Lagos State. Data were collected using two adopted and three adapted instruments. The reliability coefficients yielded by the instruments were: Agency Culture Inventory, 0.88; Training Effectiveness Scale, 0.73; Technology Application Inventory, 0.91; and Commercial Crime Investigators Effectiveness Scale, 0.81. Three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance, while data were analyzed using of means, standard deviation and Multiple Regression Analysis. Results indicated that gender, cadre and academic qualification significantly moderated the joint and relative contributions of culture, training, and technological application to commercial crime investigators’ effectiveness. For female crime investigators (R = .417; R2 = .173; Adj. R2 = .159; F (5,657) = 21.907; p <.05), it was observed that all the predictor variables accounted for 15.9% variability of commercial crimes investigators’ effectiveness and 23.3% for male crime investigators effectiveness (R = .511; R2 = .261; Adj. R2 = .233; F (5,510) = 13.343; p <.05). It was observed that all the predictor variables accounted for 4.9% variability of the commercial crimes effectiveness of senior officers (R = .223; R2 = .049; Adj. R2 = .049; F (5,401) = 9.524; p <.05) in commercial crimes investigations, while 10.8% variability was reported for the commercial crimes effectiveness of junior officers (R = .223; R2 = .171; Adj. R2 = .158; F (5,401) = 9.524; p <.05). Also, it was observed that all the predictor variables accounted for 12.9% variability of the effectiveness of commercial crime investigators with first degree and above (R = .359; R2 = .129; Adj. R2 = .129; F (5,388) = 13.051; p <.05) 14.3% variability for the effectiveness of commercial crime investigators with less than first degree (R = .403; R2 = .162; Adj. R2 = .143; F (5,791) = 10.999; p <.05). The study concluded that the findings of this research have shown the predictive power of gender, cadre (hierarchy), and qualification in understanding the influence of culture, training and technological application on commercial crime investigators effectiveness in Nigeria. It was recommended, amongst others, that the agencies for fighting crimes in Nigeria should be strengthened, through constant training, promotion of the right values and state of-the-art technology. Relative autonomy of the agencies would also empower them to deal with commercial crimes more effectively.