Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2019)
Psychosocial problems among adolescents: A critical review
Author(s): Maria Maqbool, Humeera Ihtishaam
Abstract: The term adolescence has been derived from the word “Adolescere” which means to grow up. Adolescence is the transitional stage of development representing the period of time during which a person experience a variety of biological and emotional changes. Adolescence is linked to teenage years. Adolescence can be understood with the help of stages that is early adolescence and late adolescence. Psychosocial is the state of emotional and behaviour disorder with internalizing and externalizing conditions. Most common disorders include depression, anxiety, suicide, tendency and trauma. Since psychosocial problems are not easy to be detected by parents and teachers, and they are easily neglected. The main cause of anxiety among school children and adolescents are parent’s high educational expectations and pressure for academic achievement. Depression will not go on its own. Left untreated, depression can be damaging and can result in suicidal ideation. If an adolescent is depressed, it’s important to open up a dialogue in an honest and non-judgmental way. Some major causes of depression include psychosocial stress, serious or prolonged illness, major life style changes, experience of a traumatic event, academic struggle, conflict with family and peer relation and most important are the hormonal changes.