Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2019)
Is virtual reality program is effective in reducing anxiety in post mastectomy among breast cancer patient?
Author(s): Neelam Gupta, Dr. Deepali Hande
Abstract: Background: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of virtual reality program in reducing anxiety in post mastectomy patients. Virtual reality (VR) equipment is used as interactive simulation created with computer hardware and software to present users with opportunities to engage in environments that appears to be and feels similar to the objects and events. VR uses interactive stimulation that acts by responding to the patient moment such that the patient can interact with the virtual environment while performing functional activities. HADS is used to assess anxiety and depression in patients. In order to measure the severity of symptoms such as anxiety and depression in non-psychiatric patients HADS has been developed Objective: The objective of the study is to implement VR program on post mastectomy patients and to evaluate the effect of virtual reality on anxiety in MRM patients using HADS Materials and Methods: Participants were recruited from Pravara Rural Hospital from surgery in patient department. The participants included were between age group 40-70 years. Result: HADS scale among 30 participants showed result as highly significant with post 20-30% of difference within 1 week. The pre intervention mean average score and standard deviation for HADS was 18.8±1.71. And the post intervention after 1 week the mean average and the standard deviation for HADS was 13.63±2.45. And the ‘t’ value for pre intervention and post intervention was 6.80 and p value is >2.5. Conclusion: The study concluded that VR program is helpful in reducing anxiety in post mastectomy patient.