Vol. 6, Issue 2 (2019)
Irrigation Sources of Villupuram District
Author(s): V. Vijayarangam
Abstract: This paper focuses its attention on the irrigation sources of Villupuram district. It is concentrates mainly on the study of availability of irrigation sources in Villupuram district. Agriculture is the largest and most important sector of the Indian economy. It is often greatly hampered due to irregular, insufficient or uncertain rain. Proper irrigation systems can secure uninterrupted agriculture. Tamilnadu has been one of the driest regions in the south. The Villupuram district is composed of vast stretches of cultivable lands. However, there live hard working and intelligent people, waging a constant struggle against the odds of nature. Though the district enjoys adequate rainfall, in some places of the district rainfall is uncertain, and the agriculturalists largely depend on irrigation. The chief source of irrigation in the district is rain. A few rivers and a large number of jungle streams help the development of irrigation. Besides these, tanks, wells and spring channels also constitute a unique feature of this district. Villupuram district is blessed with numerous rivers for irrigation. Besides river irrigation, dams are considered as the best source of irrigation in Villupuram district. Constructed across river to store vast quantity of water, dams can be used for irrigation in times of scarcity. The important dams of the district are Tirukoilur Anicut, Ellis Choultry Anicut, Vadakkanandal Anicut, Veedur Reservoir and Sathanur Dam. Besides rivers and dams, channels are the most important source of irrigation since the very early times. River water is being stored by constructing dams. Such stored water is drawn through channels to irrigate the land during all seasons. Channels are also laid out from the rivers to divert water to various directions. Besides dam and channel irrigation, Villupuram district is blessed with a number of tanks in most of the villages. Water stored in these tanks is let out for irrigation during scarcity. Most of these are fed either by rain or by rivers and channels. Wells plays a significant role as a source of irrigation. They are more dependable though they irrigate very limited area. Villupuram district, one of prominent of the Tamilnadu states is provided with a network of irrigational facilities. All these irrigational facilities promote economic development and further extension is found necessary to facilitate cultivation and enhance the economic status.