Afghanistan’s political and economic importance for India
Bilal Badloon, Sayed Akram Hashimi
In international relations and in world diplomacy, states are going to have relations with other states for furthering their national interests. India has been enjoying cordial relations with Afghanistan. Since 1947 that strengthen its roots on 4th of January 1950, when both of them became signatories of “Friendship Treaty”. Basically the treaty was to build up traditional and historical ties for mutual benefits and cooperation in different sectors such as development in political, economical, technological and scientific sectors. It was also to support democracy, protection of human rights, peace and freedom(www.mea.gov.in). Before 9/11, means in Taliban regime India did not have close relationship with Afghanistan but after India once again found a vacuum to have close ties with Afghanistan and to achieve its objectives in Afghanistan as well in the region. For getting such objectives (objectives (countering Pakistan influence and having control on Afghanistan), India has played an active role in the development of Afghanistan, based on the understanding that social and economic development is key to Afghanistan becoming source of regional stability. There is a huge change in financial support from India to Afghanistan. India announced a financial assistance of USD100 million for Afghanistan; US$ 31.5 million and the mentioned amount was used during 2002-2003 and then USD 30 million has been used during 2003-2004. Moreover, the Government of India further announced USD 70 million (over and above USD 100 million) for construction of roads. Through this aid India follows its national, political and economical interests in Afghanistan. Later, we will elaborate India’s economic and political interests in Afghanistan.