Integrating Ethiopian indigenous knowledge and international knowledge: Special emphasis on stem education
Teshome Abera Tessema
Indigenous Knowledge System is knowledge produced within a specific society. There are differences and similarities between the indigenous knowledge system and the International knowledge System. Integrating the indigenous knowledge system with the International Knowledge system is important for the sustainability of education. It is also vital to use appropriate technologies that are important for overall development. The integration of the indigenous knowledge system into the International knowledge system enriches the current system of education in many ways. Indigenous knowledge systems must be studied, evaluated and then integrated with the international knowledge system. Indigenization plays a significant role to use the knowledge which is found in the society for a very long period like traditional medicine, agriculture, nutrition, environmental protection and other aspects of life that enable the local people to survive for centuries. Indigenous knowledge systems now days have been receiving increasing attention in development issues. It started playing an essential role in fostering peace, economic growth, and sustainable education. This paper systematically discusses the importance of integrating the indigenous knowledge system with that of the International knowledge System, which is a new paradigm of knowledge system having a holistic approach. The paper mainly provides a framework on how to integrate the two systems of knowledge. In other words, the paper is focusing on the need for curriculum reform to integrate indigenous knowledge with an international knowledge system to enrich the science curriculum. The Implication is also raised on how to integrate the two knowledge system and develop a curriculum which is important to realize sustainable education. Hence, the curriculum reform initiative has to be taken for advancing science education.