Species composition and seasonal variation of Anopheles mosquitoes in Bihsud district, Nangarhar Afghanistan
Ziarat Gul Mansoor, Allah Nazar Atif, Ajmal rasooly
Survey for the collection of Mosquitoes at district Bihsud was carried out from August 2017 to July 2018 in three targeted villages i.e. Malikbella, Belandghar and Daman, a total of 10175 Mosquitoes were collected from thirty sleeping rooms to determineAnophelesspecies. AnophelesMosquitoes collection comprised by the species were A. hyrcanus (15.67%) as the most abundant mosquito species followed by A. pulcherimus (15.28%), A. fluviatilis (14.80%), A. stephensi (14.68%), A. superpictus (14.63%,),A. culicifacies (13.53%), and A. subpictus (11.38%), of the total collection. Seasonal variation of the Anopheles mosquito’s population presented a spring dominant bimodal pattern. The highest density was observed during the month of October 2017. During winter months the population density was very low. A total of 3294 Anopheles species were collected at village Daman. A hyrcanus was (511, 15.51%) found to be the most abundant species then other species of Anopheles genus. While A. culicifacies was (429, 13.02%) comparatively least abundant species. A total of 3388 Anopheles species were collected in a survey at village Malik Bella. A.hyrcanus was (549, 16, 20%) found to be the most abundant species while A. subpictus was (390, 11.91) observed to be in a comparatively low abundance. A total of 3493 individuals belonging to various Anopheles species were collected in a survey at village Belandghar. A. fluviatilis was (530, 11.30%) found to be the most abundant species while A. subpictus was (402, 15.17%) the least abundant species.