Knowledge and practices of adult women aged (18-25 years) on prevention of cervical cancer
Akoijam Sangita Devi, Kiran Kour, Marfa Banoo
Purpose: Cervical cancer a complication of Human Papilloma virus infection, is the leading cancer in Indian women and the second most common cancer in worldwide. Aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and practices of adult women regarding prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A Descriptive Survey was done on 400 students from selected two Degree college by using non - probability, convenience sampling technique. The tools consists: personal data, knowledge questionnaire and practice checklist, data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and chi square tests. Results: The result reveals that majority (87.5%) respondents were aged 18-20 years, more than half (66%) were from urban area, all (100%) respondents had heard of cervical cancer, their source of information (45.5%) was mass media. More than half (65.25%) were not screening regularly, majority (95.5%) respondents had not been vaccinated against HPV, and (51.25%) were unaware of vaccination as a prevention method. Less than half of respondents (41.25%) had good knowledge and nearly one forth (26.75%) had average knowledge regarding prevention of cervical cancer. The majority of adult women (81%) had good practice and (19%) had average practice related to prevention of cervical cancer. A non -significant negligible positive co-relation (r=0.09, P>0.05) was found between Knowledge and practice of respondents. Conclusions: Study concludes that all respondents had some knowledge of cervical cancer but it was insufficient knowledge of degree college students in Ambala, Haryana. Thus, more awareness should be conducted in Degree College and universities to provide students with knowledge on cervical cancer.