The unorganized workers’ Social Security Act, 2008
Jyoti Sarkar, Debaditya Das
Social security is an important component of any social security development agenda and is as relevant as physical security in the evolving concept of human security. It is a major aspect of public policy and the extent of its prevalence is a measure of the progress made by a country towards the ideal of a welfare state. The unorganised sector of the economy in India is the largest sector in terms of employment of the workforce. It consists of agriculture and such related activities as forestry, livestock and fishing as well as non-agriculture. The bill is intended to provide a measure of social security to the workers in the unorganised sector. This bill propose a model that will be inclusive in nature and provide for a clearly demarcated division of responsibilities between the central and state governments. It mandates the central/state government to implement national social security scheme. The unorganised Workers' Social Security Act, 2008 was passed with the objective of providing appropriate and sufficient social security to the workers engaged in the unorganized sector of the country. It would be pertinent to mention that ninety-four per cent workers of the country are engaged in the unorganised sector. So, it is the moral responsibility of the Government to provide social security to the workers working on such a large scale.