Culicidae Diptera insects of some temporary pools of the Mamora forest: inventory and dynamics
H Ouattar, S Sassa, H Allami, M Slim, M Fadli
Diptera Culicidae Insects are responsible for the transmission to humans and animals of many parasitic diseases. It needed a fight against the vector species of these diseases. Most often, the control of Dipteridae is at wetland levels. However from an ecological point of view, for a given geographical area, before elaborating any control strategy, it is necessary to determine the systematic identification, the geographical distribution and the evolution of the abundance of Diptera of the regions are necessary. Thus, in the present work is interested in the determination of the inventory of Culicidae Diptera of the temporary pools of the western part of the Mamora forest (Morocco). The qualitative and quantitative sampling was carried out during flooding in the 2016/2017 agricultural year. The results showed that the populations of the culicids of four temporary pools studied are composed of 9 species name distributed in a stable manner between the temporary pools studied. The species richest pond has 5 species, and the poorest one species. Biotopic heterogeneity may be the main factor in this imbalance in the distribution of species between pools. Culex pipiens is most common in ponds and Culiseta longiareolata only collected in one pool. The evolution of species abundance varies with species and pools. Anopheles labranchia, Culex pipiens and Ochlerotatus caspius when present with high densities. On the contrary, Ochlerotatus caspius and Culiseta longiareolata present when they have low densities. The other species present themselves with intermediate densities.