Relationship between psychological factors and teachers’ presenteeism in public secondary schools in Imo state, Nigeria
Dr. C. G. Awujo, Dr. Amaeze Fidelis Eze
The study investigated the relationship between psychological factors and teachers’ presenteeism in public senior secondary schools in Imo State, Nigeria. Four research questions and corresponding four null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study comprised of all the 314 principals in the 314 public senior secondary schools in Imo State, Nigeria. The sample size was 314 principals. The purposive sampling technique was used, because the population is small and possessed the required characteristics. The study adopted a correlation research design. Two self-designed instruments titled Psychological Variable Scale (PVS) and Teachers’ Presenteeism Scale (TPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities were ensured. Cronbach alpha was used to establish the reliability coefficient of PVS and TPS at 0.87 and 0.69 respectively. Out of the 314 instruments distributed, 270 were duly filled and returned. The Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient was used for data analysis. The r value was used to establish relation while the significant value was subjected to the probability value at 0.05 for the hypotheses testing. It was found out among others that there is a high positive relationship between motivation and presenteeism in public senior secondary schools in Imo State, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that teachers who have emotional, physiological, physical or spiritual issues that can cause presenteeism should be motivated by the school administrators by giving them money and fast access to school clinics so as to reduce presenteeism.