Effects of unstable surface task oriented training and visual deprived balance training in hemiparetic individuals: A comparative study
Riyas Basheer KB, Anup Nair, Sukumar S, Jinson K Paul, Deepu S Chandran, Jazeel NM, Sreejisha PK, Madhuripu P
Balance deficits in stroke patients are common due to the reduction in multisystem functions. Task oriented training on unstable surface and visual deprived balance training are used to treat balance deficits. Aim and objective was to compare the effects of unstable surface task oriented training and visual deprived training on improving balance and mobility. 160 subjects selected using simple random sampling equally divided into two groups. 80 subjects in group one treated with unstable surface balance training using swiss ball and wobble board and another group with 80 subjects were treated with task oriented training by masked vision. Both groups were treated six days in a week for two consecutive months. Balance was assessed using Berg Balance Scale and functional status was assessed using Katz Index on the first day and two month after treatment. In this present study it was found that there was a significant increase in BBS score and functional mobility in subjects who performed task oriented exercises on unstable surface. As similar significant improvement was also found on subjects who performed task oriented exercises by masked vision. Both task oriented training on unstable surface and task oriented training by masked vision can be used for balance and functional mobility training in the management of individuals with post stroke hemiparesis.