The management of people living with HIV/AIDS by antiretrovirals is a health program established by international organizations such as WHO and UN-AIDS. In developing countries, which are affected by the pandemic, the implementation of these programs sometimes encounters socio-cultural barriers. Among these are the social perceptions of the side effects of antiretroviral drugs that are interpreted differently by people living with HIV/AIDS.
In addition to social perceptions, the characteristics and constraints associated with taking antiretrovirals are the subject of criticism and complaints among consumers of these products. This situation raises doubts about the effectiveness of antiretrovirals and leads to their temporary or permanent withdrawal. Consequently, the use of other types of therapies is a factor in the failure of the antiretroviral policy on HIV/AIDS in Côte d’Ivoire.