Stratégies de maintien des enseignements dans les universités en période de conflit: Cas de l’ex Université de Bouaké pendant la crise sociopolitique de 2002 à 2011 en Côte d’Ivoire
Kouadio Brou Ghislain
In Côte d’Ivoire, higher education is confronted with a crisis that led to a drastic cut of the budget of that sector of education and also to the rapid growth of the number of students. The armed conflict of the year 2002 emphasized the working difficulties of higher education schools in general and of the University Alassane Ouattara in particular. Bouaké have been the town where there had been more armed confrontations, the university in it was considerably affected, leading to its closure. Despite this situation, the authorities of the former University of Bouaké assert that they pursued their missions, that is, training and research. Indeed, this current study aims at analyzing the difficulties and the strategies of the maintenance of the running of the former University of Bouaké since the outbreak of military-political crisis of 2002. It is a qualitative study that is based on individual interviews and on focus group. The investigation was carried out through different leading figures, authorities of the former University of Bouaké and their partners. The results show that to remedy some initiatives were undertaken at administrative, financial, organizational and academic level. The success of those strategies put forward, rest on human, institutional and environmental assets. However, some weaknesses were detected in those strategies one must correct in order to make them work efficiently.