Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2017)
Level of deprivation in standard of living in India – A state-wise analysis
Author(s): Dr. Lalit Sharma, Megha Vashishth
Abstract: The deprivation shows the poor quality of life or socio-economic conditions. It implies a condition in which a person finds himself unable to maintain a living standard adequate for a desirable physical, mental and social efficiency and failing to meet even his basic requirements. The present paper makes an attempt to explore the inequality in deprivation of basic standard of living among the different states of India. The Study used composite index for all the 29 states. The states are categorized into three types, namely high standard of living states; lower standard of living states; and average standard of living states. For this, mean and standard deviation of the composite Index of living conditions of the states has been computed. The states where composite index is above mean minus standard of deviation are known as higher standard of living states, while the composite indices of lower standard of living states are below mean plus standard deviation. The higher standard of living states as per composite index include priority-wise the states of Delhi, Goa, Punjab, Kerala, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Karnataka; followed in turn by moderate standard of living including states like Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttaranchal, and Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, and Mizoram; and the states including Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Manipur, Bihar, and Orissa belonging to the lower standard of living status.