Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2017)
Human values in performing art: With reference to Sanskrit literature
Author(s): Sukanya Boruah
Abstract: Human values are depicted in Sanskrit Literature. This paper is an attempt to find out and display those values stored in the Indian performing art. Sanskrit literature itself is a great depository of essence including both esoteric and exoteric aspects. In every field of Sanskrit discourse including philosophy and performing art human values plays an important role. The three important human values in our day to day life are truth, beauty and goodness (Satyam Śivam Sundarm) and performing art is the best possible and easiest way to practice and convey the values throughout the world and in one’s existing life as well. It trains our attitude and gives mental peace. Nowadays performing art is more responsible in terms of human value for our society. The present paper will discuss mainly the philosophy of Artistic presentation and how much the values influenced the Indian Performing art. The presence of those values turn a performance from general to particular one adorned with deep philosophical reflections. When values are there with art it nourishes the society. It is well known that Indian art is not only for entertainment but also an authorised way to attain the Ultimate Reality which is too called as Liberation or mokṣa. Here, in this paper the present researcher will discuss the values as described in Nāṭyaśāstra (some specific chapters). Then it will be followed by Āgama literature since it is keenly associated with aesthetics. Further it will discussed present scenario of performing art which confront challenges by dint of lacking the values mentioned in the age old expositions by seers and sages. The another target of this paper to establish Sanskrit performing texts as one of the core of human values comprising highest knowledge because the four values dharma, artha, kāma, mokṣa also can obtain through it.