Concentration is very high in major commercial areas that come under the central, west and east zone. Due to predominance of commercial activities in these areas also attract a very large number of people and have become prime location for informal activities like vending. Transport nodes are the other important location where one can see a large number of vendors are engaged in hawking are also located in these zones.
Saasa, O. (2005). “Vendors are categorized according to different criteria being used by earlier researchers”. Based on the type of business they can be classified as Larry who basically mobile vendors are selling items like vegetable, fruits, second clothes and other goods. Another type is known as salaula who normally sell their commodities while sitting on the ground. Government of Zambia (2009). “In terms of mobility they can be classified as Mobile that moves from one place to another on the same day, Semi-Static units where the vendors erect a structure which is removed at the end of the day, and Static which is more like a stall or kanthemba that is used for selling commodities and fixed in a particular location”. In Mpongwe we have seen all types of vendors but in this study we have grouped those in terms of commodities they are vending.
Residential areas are mainly having vendors selling regular commodities like vegetables, fruits and other items. In addition to the natural markets Mpongwe is also having special weekly markets like Saturday and Kabwandila where one can see a very large number of vendors are engaged in selling different types of goods. The Mpongwe City Council has also taken initiative to settle the vendors in few locations like Mpatamatu, Luanshya town, Mpongwe housing Markets. Few items like vegetable and fruits can be seen in almost all the locations.
While some markets are specialized in garment or non-vegetarian food items others remained general. Street vending is an important activity related to informal sector in urban areas. Majority of street vendors are illiterate or educated at primary level. They have low skill and poor economic condition. Street vending provides job opportunity and means of livelihood to the urban poor but Urban Local Bodies consider it as illegal activity so far. National Policy on Urban Street Vendor, or Model Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) by-laws are some of the initiatives taken by the Local Government at street vending level. Other agencies have played major role to push vendors issue and formulation of policies in favour of street vendors.
The present study comprehensively covers the social economic and spatial issues for the Mpongwe City. An attempt has also been made to compare the situation of street vendors of Mpongwe to other Zambian Cities like Lusaka, Ndola, Kitwe and Livingstone, respectively.
The condition of Mpongwe street vendors was found more or less same in comparison to other cities. The planning framework for integration of street vendors of Mpongwe is based on O8 markets located in different parts of the City. Broad recommendation for inclusion of street vending has been given under the preview of Nation Policy on Urban street Vendors.