Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2017)
Effect of yoga on health related physical fitness
Author(s): Chinmayee Bedekar, Dr. Deepali Hande
Abstract: Background & Objective: In recent years the practice of yoga has gained recognition as a form of physical fitness and exercise, and has been said to improve strength and flexibility. A major cause of many chronic diseases and life style disorders was found to be improper lifestyle and stress leading to obesity and diabetes. The practice of yoga can enhance health and overall fitness, regulate all the body functions in a balanced manner and is helpful in providing sustainable health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of yoga on Cardio Respiratory endurance, Body Composition, Flexibility and Muscular strength of females between the age group 18-25 years. Hence the present study was taken forward to find out the effect of intervention of yoga on health related physical fitness components. Materials and Methods: Thirty female participants age ranging from 18 to 25 years of Pravara Institute of Medical Science, Loni were selected as the subject of the study. The changes in Cardio respiratory endurance, Body composition (Body Mass Index), Flexibility and Muscular strength were estimated before and after four weeks of yoga. The data obtained was analyzed using paired ‘t’ test. p<0.0001 was the level of significance. Result: There was a significant improvement in the Cardio respiratory endurance (p=0.0001), Body Mass Index (p=0.0001), Flexibility (p=0.0001), and Muscular strength (p=0.0001) after undergoing four weeks of yoga when compared to that before yoga. Conclusion: Yoga as it combines both physical and psychological aspects of the body through a series of low impact exercises, it was concluded that four weeks of Yoga training through Asanas was found to be effective in bringing about significant improvement in respect to Cardio respiratory endurance, Body Composition, Flexibility and Muscular strength.