Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2017)
Growth trends of Horticulture Crops in India
Author(s): Tawheed Nabi, Dr. ST Bagalkoti
Abstract: The growth of horticulture crops has become one of the driving forces for overall development of agricultural sector in India. With the emergence of urbanization and modernization, changes in cropping pattern from traditional to high value cash crops, especially the horticultural crops has been initiated in Indian agriculture. Horticulture is perhaps the most profitable venture of all farming activities as it provides ample employment opportunities and scope to raise the income of the farming community. It also has tremendous potential to push the overall agriculture growth to more than the targeted 4 per cent. It is the fastest growing sector within agriculture. It contributes in poverty alleviation, nutritional security and have ample scope for farmers to increase their income and helpful in sustaining large number of agro-based industries which generate huge employment opportunities. Keeping these understandings in mind, the present study estimates growth rates and value of output of the major agricultural crops, including the horticultural crops. The study reveals that the growth of area, production and yield of horticulture crops in the country was found to be statistically significant. Within the greater horticulture sector, the value of output for fruits and vegetables was found to be at the highest, accounted for 26 per cent of the total agricultural value of output. However, despite impressive output growth, the yield growth rate of fruit crop was found to be statistically insignificant.