Effects of cultivation methods on yield of local rice varieties in Kunduz, Afghanistan
Author(s): Gul Aqa “Anwari”
Abstract: I did my research about Effect of Cultivation Methods on Yield of Local Rice Varieties in Kunduz province form March to October 2016. The treatments comprised of three Local Verities released high yielding and common varieties in Northeastern zone viz., BARA, LUK and SURKHA- ZERAATI and three cultivation methods like., SRI (System of Rice intensification), RIPA(Rice Improvement Program for Afghanistan) and Traditional method by transplanting under research program of the Agriculture Faculty of Kunduz University with HEDP support. It was a factorial experiments (Split Plot Design) conducted in a Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications. Planting methods had a significant effect on the yielding of varieties per unit of area. The rice crop established with transplanting on three above methods. The variety of BARA in RIPA method gave the highest yield (3.42 t∙ha−1) when compared to other varieties, rice of BARA is the best variety which has good quality and had highest yield among of varieties. As, LUK in SRI system, and variety of SURKHA- ZERAATI in traditional had good preformed. Here is many other Effects of interaction of varieties and cultivation methods on the yield viz., rice of BARA in RIPA method, variety of SURKHA-ZERAATI in traditional method and LUK variety had more products on SRI method. Therefore, the highest variable cost was incurred by the RIPA method (56894.00 BDT ha−1) while the lowest variable cost was incurred by the SRI method (31000.00 BDT ha−1). But, SRI method cost benefit is more than other methods.