Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2017)
Socio-Economic factors that influence women employment in Garowe district of Puntland state of Somalia
Author(s): Hawo Abdi Isse, Dr. Hellen K Mberia, Dr. Willy Muturi
Abstract: Women unemployment is a challenge that faced the women across the world, particularly developing countries including Somalia. Gender disparity exists in the recruitment process led women exclusion from the work sphere. Women unemployment in Puntland is more than 50.3%. However, the women unemployment issue highlighted different ways. The general objective of the study was to determine the social-economic factors influence on women unemployment in Garowe district, Puntland State of Somalia. The study was guided by feminist theory, likewise, the study was focus three main variables including poverty influence, educational level and culture and how each of the three-influence women employment in Puntland. Variables of the study were also reviewed as the empirical studies relating to research variables discussed. Research design of this study was quantitative research using structured questionnaire with Likert scale method. The target population of this study was 85 from different background including women employee MOWDAFA, women association leaders, women employee private companies and women politician who represented whole Garowe district women employee. Sampling involves a process of selecting a sub-section of population that represents the entire population in order to obtain information regarding the phenomenon of interest; sample size was 85. Census sampling used in the first stage basing on the categories of the respondents, in the second stage simple random sampling was used to reach a quota of each sub group. Instruments of the questionnaire like type of questions of 5 points starting from SD, D, N, A, SA was used as the main tools for collecting data. The results revealed that there were a lot of factors behind women unemployment include culture influent and perioritation for men when job opportunity comes. The study concludes there was disparity that most of respondents agree and it was recommended that Adopt practices that promote gender equality in education, ensuring that girls and boy have equal access to good quality- education with equal rights and opportunities. Promote family-friendly policies and working conditions which enable fathers and mothers to balance their working hours and their family responsibly and facilitate women to participate more in private and public sector employment by providing employment-protected paid maternity and paternity leave to working mothers and fathers.