Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2017)
Broken world of bama in Karukku
Author(s): D Solomon Paul Raj, Dr. T Muraleeswari
Abstract: The origin of Dalit literature is in regional literatures in the late nineteenth century. Dalit literature doesn't follow any particular literary conventions and they have created their own localized languages that created a unique writing style. Real incidents are revealed in their languages. Dalit literature expresses the Dalit’s knowledge of themselves as oppressed people and enables them to demand liberation through a revolutionary transformation of the system that oppresses them. Faustina Mary Fathima Rani writes under the pen name Bama. She has published four full length works of prose: her autobiography Karukku (1992). She is hailed as the first Dalit woman writer in India. Karukku highlights the oppression borne by Dalits at the hands of the police, the Panchayat, the upper castes and the church. Bama also highlights how Dalit women are oppressed further by Dalit men at home. The practice of patriarchy along with caste hegemony is a highly unjust suppression of Dalit women as shown in the works of Bama. Karukku discusses various forms of violent oppression of Dalits, specifically on the paraiyar caste. The important aspect of this work is that the church too oppresses the Dalit Christians. The series of incidents that took place in the life of Bama enabled her to discover herself as a woman, Dalit and Christian. Bama, as a Dalit encountered many problems in her life; as a woman she is rejected; faced the cruelty from her childhood and caste bias taught her the meaning of shame. This paper discloses the harshness faced by the dalit community and the perilous situations they live in. The most striking thing about the paper is that it reveals the oppression in the modern form and the unchanged attitude of the so-called forward-thinking society.