Falls among the elderly is a major public health concern. Interventions to reduce such risk of fall are to be planned. Qi gong exercises are Chinese traditional technique, considering various forms of movement with breathing techniques. Balance training exercises involve forms with shift of COG, thus challenging balance.
Aim and Objectives: To study the effect of qigong and balance training exercises in geriatric patients with balance impairments.
Methodology: From 60 participants, 30 were selected according to criteria, medium risk of fall on berg balance scale score in 60-74 yrs. old age with no any known cause for balance disorder. They were randomly divided into two groups, each including 15 participants, as Balance training exercises (Group A), (mean age= 66.46±3.091) and Qi gong exercises (Group B), (mean age= 64±2.591) respectively as, 45min/session, thrice weekly for 4 weeks. They were evaluated pre and post with berg balance scale and timed-up and go test.
Results: For group A, TUG was reduced from 26.95±6.423 to 25.51±6.137 and BBS was reduced from 30.53±5.963 to 27.93±5.99. Group B showed TUG to be reduced from 27.74±6.084 to 25.75±5.897, and BBS was reduced from 31.33±5.233 to 29.33±5.690. Both the outcome measures showed significant changes post training in Qi gong and balance training exercises group. However, Qi gong was found to be more effective in improving balance training. Comparison of both groups showed significant difference with p value=<0.0001.
Conclusion: Balance training exercises and Qi Gong exercises are effective in geriatrics to improve balance.